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CHAN 0645
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CHAN 0645
The Haydn Mass Edition

Haydn: Heiligmesse · Nikolaimesse

The Classical Shop
release date: October 1999

Originally recorded in 1999

Artists:

Collegium Musicum 90


Richard Hickox


Stephen Varcoe

baritone

Pamela Helen Stephen

mezzo-soprano

Lorna Anderson

soprano

Mark Padmore

tenor

Collegium Musicum 90 Choir



Venue:

Blackheath Halls, London



Producer:

Nicholas Anderson



Engineer:

Ralph Couzens


Richard Smoker

(Assistant)

Record Label
Chaconne

Genre:

Choir


Early Music

Total Time - 61:39
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The Haydn Mass Edition

 

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN

Select Complete Single Disc for
   
 

'Heiligmesse' (Hob. XXII:10)

34:00  
  in B flat major - B-Dur - si bémol majeur  
  Missa Sancti Bernardi von Offida  
1 I Kyrie 4:14
2 II Gloria: 'Gloria in excelsis Deo' - 2:08
3 'Gratias agimus tibi' - 3:30
4 'Quoniam tu solus sanctus' 2:41
5 III Credo: 'Credo in unum Deum' - 1:24
6 'Et incarnatus est' - 3:40
7 'Et resurrexit' - 1:59
8 'Et vitam venturi saeculi' 1:56
9 IV Sanctus 1:22
10 V Benedictus 5:09
11 VI Agnus Dei: 'Agnus Dei' - 3:07
12 'Dona nobis pacem' 2:33
   
 

'Nikolaimesse' (Hob. XXII:6)

28:16  
  in G major - G-Dur - sol majeur  
  Missa Sancti Nicolai  
13 I Kyrie 3:17
14 II Gloria: 'Gloria in excelsis Deo' - 3:30
15 'Quoniam to solus sanctus' 1:03
16 III Credo: 'Credo in unum Deum' - 0:39
17 'Et incarnatus est' - 3:23
18 'Et resurrexit' - 1:19
19 IV Sanctus: 'Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus' - 1:36
20 'Pleni sunt coeli' 0:48
21 V Benedictus 5:39
22 VI Agnus Dei: 'Agnus Dei' - 3:13
23 'Dona nobis pacem' 3:29
The sixth disc in the enormously successful Haydn Mass Edition features the less well-known Heiligmesse and Nikolaimesse.

This is the last in Chando’s popula series of Haydn’s late masses, although plans are in place to record some of the early masses.

The combination of ideal, sympathetic soloists and outstanding choral and orchestral forces over the course of the series has led to both the Schöpfungsmesse and Harmoniemesse being nominated for Gramophone choral awards.



On his return to Vienna from London in 1795 Haydn resumed his duties as Kapellmeisterto the Esterházy family. The new Prince, Nikolaus II, stimulated the musical life of the court which had been at a low ebb since 1790. In this he was encouraged by his wife, Princess Marie Hermenegild, who was particularly fond of Haydn and his music. It was for her nameday celebrations in 1796 that Haydn worked upon the first in a sequence of six masses. As was often the custom, the work was given a title that featured a saint’s name: Missa Sancti Bernardi von Offida (Heiligmesse).

Haydn had no composed a mass for fourteen years, and this work has the unmistakable feeling of a composer connecting with his roots. As the opening of the Kyrie suggests, this is the most openly tuneful of Haydn’s late masses. At the beginning of the Sanctus he wrote in the margin next to the tenor line ‘Heilig’, drawing gentle attention to a well-known hymn tune ‘Heilig, Heilig’ (Holy, Holy) which is concealed in the middle of the texture. It is a reference that led to the nickname ‘Heiligmesse’.

A more familiar saint is commemorated ion the Missa Sancti Nicolai from 1772 and the work was probably performed to celebrate the nameday of the then Prince Esterházy, Nikolaus – grandfather of Nikolaus II. The work belongs to a distinct type of mass associated with Advent, often separately catalogued in eighteenth-century sources as missae pastorale (pastoral masses). Gently lilting metres, simple melodies and a propensity for the top of the texture to move down – deferentially – in thirds, conjure up images of the ecclesiastical season. Even the choice of G major was to distinguish them in sonority from the large number of masses in C.



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