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CHAN 6618M
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CHAN 6618
(multiple CD Set)
Early Symphonies

Haydn: Early Symphonies

The Classical Shop
release date: July 2000

Originally recorded in 1999


Adrian Shepherd



Woodside Hall, Glasgow

Henry Wood Hall, Glasgow


Ralph Couzens


Ralph Couzens

Record Label


Orchestral & Concertos

Total Time - 182:39
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Early Symphonies

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Symphony No. 1, Hob. I:1

  in D major  
1 I Presto 4:58
2 II Andante 3:38
3 III Finale: Presto 2:03

Symphony No. 2, Hob. I:2

  in C major  
4 I Allegro 3:11
5 II Andante 3:31
6 III Finale: Presto 2:56

Symphony No. 3, Hob. I:3

  in G major  
7 I Allegro 3:55
8 II Andante moderato 4:19
9 III Menuet - Trio 3:46
10 IV Finale: Alla breve 1:56

Symphony No. 4, Hob. I:4

  in D major  
11 I Presto 4:03
12 II Andante 4:06
13 III Finale: Tempo di menuetto 3:15

Symphony No. 5, Hob. I:5

  in A major  
14 I Adagio, ma non troppo 4:03
15 II Allegro 4:21
16 III Menuet - Trio 3:52
17 III Finale: Presto 1:54

Symphony No. 6, 'Le Matin', Hob. I:6

  in D major  
18 I Adagio - Allegro 6:08
19 II Adagio - Andante 7:02
20 III Menuetto 4:34
21 IV Finale: Allegro 3:31

Symphony No. 7, 'Le Midi', Hob. I:7

22 I Adagio - Allegro 5:25
23 II Recitativo 3:07
24 III Adagio 5:48
25 IV Menuetto 3:59
26 V Finale: Allegro 3:13

Symphony No. 8, 'Le Soir', Hob. I:8

  in G major  
27 I Allegro molto 3:49
28 II Andante 8:02
29 III Menuetto 4:37
30 IV La tempesta: Presto 5:23

Symphony No. 9, Hob. I:9

  in C major  
31 I Allegro molto 4:10
32 II Andante 6:03
33 III Finale: Menuetto - Trio 3:37

Symphony No. 10, Hob. I:10

  in D major  
34 I Allegro 5:11
35 II Andante 4:37
36 III Finale: Presto 3:10

Symphony No. 11, Hob. I:11

  in E flat major  
37 I Adagio cantabile 5:14
38 II Allegro 4:37
39 III Menuet - Trio 4:20
40 IV Finale: Presto 3:22

Symphony No. 12, Hob. I:12

  in E major  
41 I Allegro 4:53
42 II Adagio 5:18
43 III Finale: Presto 3:42
 Adrian Shepherd
  4-5 February 1989 (Symphonies Nos 1-5)  
  9-10 September 1989 (Symphonies Nos 9-12)  
  1-2 October 1988 (Symphonies Nos 6-8)  
Cantilena presents Haydn’s early symphonies in critically acclaimed performances.

There are currently only two alternative recordings encompassing Haydn’s first twelve symphonies as featured on this three-disc set.

Tradition has it that Haydn was the ‘father’ of both the string quartet and the symphony. While the former certainly reached its first definitive form in his hands, the symphony is known to have been in existence already when Haydn came to write his earliest essays in the form late in the 1750s.

In 1759, at the age of twenty-seven, Haydn gained his first secure musical appointment as ‘Kappelmeister’ and ‘Kammercompositeur’ to Count Morzin, who divided his time (as Haydn was now required to do) between Vienna and his castle in Bohemia. Haydn’s first symphonies surface from the couple of years here, before he took up the more lucrative appointment at the Esterházy court in May 1761.

The range of influences seen in these early symphonies is varied. Symphony No. 1, for example, is notable for opening with one of the most renowned orchestral effects of the Mannheim School, the ‘Mannheim crescendo’, a great dynamic swell from ‘piano’ to ‘forte’. Elsewhere, Haydn looks back to old forms and style – No. 5 uses the old four-movement ‘Sonata da chiesa’ form, with its ‘Adagio’ first movement, and several of the symphonies have passages of strict counterpoint. In other aspects the works are especially forward looking. No. 3, like No. 5, is in four movements, but by starting with an ‘Allegro’ Haydn anticipates the standard fast-slow-fast-fast form that eventually supplanted the tripartite Italian Overture model.

The instrumental writing in general already shows Haydn in control of the newly established Classical orchestra that he would gradually develop over the next forty years.

‘There is a lot to be said for Adrian Shepherd’s Haydn symphonies; they are musical, decently played and recorded. Eminently serviceable accounts.’
The Penguin Complete Guide

‘The solo and concertino playing is accomplished and ensemble is good. Slow movements come over especially well with effectively judged tempos and lively sensibility to their expressive content… Cantilena allow Haydn’s melodies to breathe naturally and succeed in making them sing.’

‘In these clear and lively recordings, the music has the advantage of an intelligent conductor and a first-rate chamber group of eighteen instrumentalists drawn from the Glasgow-based Scottish National Orchestra. The brisk playing is attractive, and the ensemble tone is highly satisfactory.’
American Record Guide

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