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WR 6048
(this is a multiple CD album sold separately)
BERNSTEIN, Leonard: Historic Broadcasts (1941-1961)

BERNSTEIN, Leonard: Historic Broadcasts (1941-1961)

The Classical Shop
release date: July 2013


Artists:

Boston Symphony Orchestra

Orchestra

New York Philharmonic Orchestra

Orchestra

Studio orchestra

Orchestra

Leonard Bernstein

Conductor

Lukas Foss

Conductor

Studio Conductor

Conductor

Leonard Bernstein

Conductor

Lukas Foss

Conductor

Raoul Jobin

Soloist

Nan Merriman

Soloist

Jennie Tourel

Soloist

David Brooks

Soloist

Leonard Bernstein

Soloist

Laurence Olivier

Soloist

Venue:

Carnegie Hall, New York, United States

Venue

Symphony Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Venue

Boston Symphony Hall, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Venue

Carnegie Hall, New York City, United States

Venue

Brandeis University Waltham, MA, United States

Venue

Record Label
West Hill Radio Archives

Genre:

Instrumental


Classical

Total Time - 753:11
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BERNSTEIN, Leonard: Historic Broadcasts (1941-1961)

     
 

DAVID DIAMOND

 

Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C sharp major

 


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1 Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C sharp major - 0:55
2 Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C sharp major 4:06
 Leonard Bernstein Soloist
     
 

ROBERT SCHUMANN

 

Symphony No. 2 in C major, Op. 61

 
3 I. Sostenuto assai 11:51
4 II. Scherzo 6:21
5 III. Adagio espressivo 11:13
6 IV. Allegro molto vivace 7:37
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

DMITRY SHOSTAKOVICH

 

Symphony No. 7 in C major, Op. 60, "Leningrad"

 
7 Symphony No. 7 in C major, Op. 60, "Leningrad" (rehearsal) 24:58
     
     
     


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1 I. Allegretto 26:43
2 II. Moderato (poco allegretto) 12:50
3 III. Adagio 15:42
4 IV. Allegro non troppo 14:20
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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TRADITIONAL

1 

Symphony No. 2 in C minor, "Resurrection"

26:12
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART

2 

Piano Concerto No. 15 in B flat major, K. 450

26:03
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

OLIVIER MESSIAEN

3 

Turangalila-symphonie

26:30
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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TRADITIONAL

 

Symphony No. 2 in C minor, "Resurrection"

 
1 I. Allegro maestoso 21:59
2 II. Andante moderato 10:08
3 III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung 10:50
4 IV. Urlicht: Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht 4:46
5 V. Finale: Im Tempo des Scherzos 35:55
 Nan Merriman Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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MAURICE RAVEL

1 

Piano Concerto in G major

20:15
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

AARON COPLAND

2 

Preamble for a Solemn Occasion

6:16
 Laurence Olivier Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

J. LANGENDOEN

3 

United Nations on the March (arr. by J. Langendoen)

2:05
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

MAURICE RAVEL

 

Piano Concerto in G major

 
4 I. Allegramente 7:35
5 II. Adagio assai 8:37
6 III. Presto 4:03
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

7 

Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125, "Choral"

23:42
 Raoul Jobin Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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BELA BARTOK

 

Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, BB 114

 
1 I. Andante tranquillo 8:41
2 II. Allegro 6:43
3 III. Adagio 6:59
4 IV. Allegro molto 7:02
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

 

Piano Concerto No. 1 in C major, Op. 15

 
5 I. Allegro con brio 16:49
6 II. Largo 10:30
7 III. Rondo: Allegro scherzando 8:02
 Leonard Bernstein Soloist


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LEONARD BERNSTEIN

 

Symphony No. 2, "The Age of Anxiety"

 
1 Part I: The Prologue: Lento moderato - 2:21
2 Part I: The Seven Ages: Variation 1 - Variation 7 8:21
3 Part I: The Seven Stages: Variation 8 - Variation 14 5:41
4 Part II: The Dirge: Largo 5:23
5 Part II: The Masque: Extremely fast 4:16
6 Part II: The Epilogue: L'istesso tempo 5:26
 Lukas Foss Conductor
 Lukas Foss Conductor
     
 

IGOR STRAVINSKY

 

Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring)

 
7 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Introduction - 3:22
8 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: The Augurs of Spring - Dances of the Young Girls - 3:04
9 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of Abduction - 1:20
10 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Spring Rounds - 3:31
11 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Ritual of the River Tribes - 1:36
12 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Procession of the Sage - 0:43
13 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: The Sage - 0:23
14 Part I: Adoration of the Earth: Dance of the Earth 1:05
15 Part II: The Sacrifice: Introduction - 5:21
16 Part II: The Sacrifice: Mystic Circles of the Young Girls - 3:22
17 Part II: The Sacrifice: Glorification of the Chosen One - 1:26
18 Part II: The Sacrifice: Evocation of the Ancestors - 0:56
19 Part II: The Sacrifice: Ritual Action of the Ancestors - 3:31
20 Part II: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance 4:42
 Lukas Foss Conductor
 Lukas Foss Conductor


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KURT WEILL

 

Die Dreigroschenoper (The Threepenny Opera) (arr. M. Blitzstein)

 
1 Overture 1:51
2 Five Point 0:50
3 The Ballad of Mack the Knife 3:22
4 Mister Jonathan Jeremiah Peachum 0:48
5 Morning Anthem 1:07
6 Now Mrs. Peachum appears 0:22
7 Instead-Of Song 1:56
8 They are quite correct 0:42
9 Army Song 0:55
10 Macheath keeps waiting 0:25
11 Wedding Song 2:12
12 The wedding in the stable 0:07
13 Love Song 2:15
14 Macheath's interests 0:14
15 Barbara Song 5:52
16 The 26 Is Mean 3:46
17 Polly rushes to the honeymoon stable 0:13
18 Melodrama and Polly's Song 1:54
19 Mrs. Peachum finds Jenny 0:23
20 Pirate Jenny 4:23
21 The scene is now the establishment on Greene Street 0:38
22 Tango-Ballad 4:39
23 The cops stand 0:15
24 Ballad of the Easy Life 2:54
25 The capture of Mack the Knife 0:23
26 Jealousy Duet 2:28
27 Lucy is Tiger Brown's daughter 0:30
28 How to Survive 3:50
29 It is just before dawn 0:14
30 Useless Song 1:57
31 Mac has been recaptured 0:19
32 Solomon Song 3:33
33 Call From the Grave 0:46
34 But it is no use 0:06
35 O brothers who live on 3:53
36 And Macheath walks slowly up to the gallows 1:04
37 Death Message 1:04
38 As his first act in office 1:00
39 Reprieved 1:04
40 Finale 2:06
 David Brooks Soloist
 Studio Conductor Conductor


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AARON COPLAND

 

Short Symphony, "Symphony No. 2"

 
1 I. quarter note = 144 4:03
2 II. half note = 44 5:19
3 III. quarter note = 144 5:45
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

ROY HARRIS

 

American Creed

 
4 I. Free to Dream 8:19
5 II. Free to Build 5:50
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

WALTER PISTON

 

Concerto for Orchestra

 
6 I. Allegro moderato ma energico 3:28
7 II. Allegro vivace 3:39
8 III. Adagio-Allegro moderato 5:51
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

IRVING FINE

9 

Serious Song

10:19
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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DMITRY SHOSTAKOVICH

1 

Symphony No. 5 in D minor, Op. 47

45:13
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

AARON COPLAND

2 

Billy the Kid Suite

17:44
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor


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CARLOS CHAVEZ

 

Symphony No. 4, "Sinfonia romantica"

 
1 I. Allegro 6:33
2 II. Molto lento 4:31
3 III. Finale: Vivo non troppo mosso 8:33
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

GUSTAV MAHLER

 

Ruckert-Lieder (version for voice and orchestra)

 
4 No. 4. Ich atmet' einen linden Duft 2:35
5 No. 5. Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen 6:28
 Jennie Tourel Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

ACHIM VON ARNIM

6 

Des Knaben Wunderhorn (text by A. von Arnim)

2:38
 Jennie Tourel Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

GUSTAV MAHLER

7 

Ruckert-Lieder (version for voice and orchestra)

7:07
 Jennie Tourel Soloist
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     
 

DAVID DIAMOND

 

Symphony No. 8

 
8 I. Moderato - Adagio - Allegro vivo 13:39
9 II. Theme (Adagio), Variations and Double Fugue 17:09
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
 Leonard Bernstein Conductor
     


When it was announced that Leonard Bernstein was to become the new conductor of the New York Philharmonic in November 1957, Claudia Cassidy in the Chicago Daily Tribune wrote that it was “no great surprise” but injected a note of caution: “wish him luck, because no one needs it more than the musical director of a symphony orchestra.”
It turned out to be an inspired appointment. Although Bernstein inherited a fractious and troubled orchestra, he devoted himself to the task with astonishing energy and loyalty: by the time he led his last concert as Music Director in 1969 he had conducted 939 concerts with the Philharmonic, and in 1971 he celebrated his 1,000th concert with the orchestra.
This set demonstrates what it was in about his music making and his personality that led the New York Philharmonic’s directors to choose him. It includes extensive recorded documentation of Bernstein’s career up to the time of his nomination in New York, mostly in live performances and rehearsal segments, working on music ranging from Mozart to Messiaen. In 1957, Howard Taubman wrote: “the principal doubts about Mr. Bernstein are the hard, central core of his conducting. Some shrewd observers … hold that his range is limited, and that, most serious of all, his technique and discipline as a conductor are not secure and poised enough to give the Philharmonic the precision and mellowness it has lost. There are grounds for these doubts. Mr. Bernstein undoubtedly has the failings of a man of his dynamic nature. But he has the capacity to overcome them. Whether he does so depends largely on him.”
Bernstein certainly overcame any alleged “failings” with single-minded dedication to the task. But listening to the live performances and rehearsals with the Boston Symphony Orchestra between 1946 and 1949, and his concerts with the New York Philharmonic in the 1950s, it’s clear from even the earliest concerts that there was far more than a precocious talent on the podium: we experience a conductor with a great capacity for sustained hard work in rehearsals, a deep knowledge of the scores he’s conducting, and the ability to inspire musicians in concerts. His performances of the standard classical repertoire were regularly questioned in the press at the time of his New York appointment, but his earlier Mozart and Beethoven on this set suggest that critical assessments had more to do with resistance to an American–born, American–trained musician succeeding in the classics, rather than anything based on actual results. In New York and Boston the work of Toscanini and Koussevitzky had been the norm, and Bernstein was a very different personality: a natural on television, an imaginative musical educator, an immensely versatile composer, and a thoroughly American musician of protean gifts.

Bernstein’s work after his appointment to the NYP is represented in this set by performances of American music given as part of his “Survey of American Music” in the 1958–9 season (Fine, Harris and Piston), along with Copland in 1957 and Diamond in 1961; the 1959 recording sessions for two of his favourite twentieth-century classics (Shostakovich’s Fifth Symphony and Copland’s Billy the Kid) which show conductor and orchestra at their most efficient and effective; and hitherto unpublished live performances of music by Bartók, Beethoven, Chávez, and Mahler. 

 "...Hearing this set is, in fact, a double pleasure, since these are almost entirely unedited live performances - and the young Bernstein was at his best when engaged in a symbiotic relationship with an audience. Indeed, it’s a triple pleasure, since most of this material has never circulated before..."

Peter J Rabinowitz - Fanfare - March/April 2014


 "... Throughout the set there is no lack of excitement and the meticulousness is ever present too..."

David Gutman - International Record Review - September 2013




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